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Home composting: problems and advice.A guide to using the composter to manage organic waste without tripping over the classic problems such as stench, liquids, development of larvae and worms.
Every year, an average Italian family produces hundreds of kg of organic waste. Overall, organic waste represents 1/3 of waste that ends up in landfills.
Do you think that organic waste is not dangerous for the environment because it is biodegradable? Nothing more wrong.
THE Organic waste in conventional landfills, they remain active for over 30 years and, through the natural processes of anaerobic decomposition, produce biogas and sewage (leachate) that are highly contaminating for the soil and aquifers.
The compostingapplied on a large scale, it can completely solve the problem of organic waste. Through the process of composting organic matter can be converted into a natural fertilizer for the soil.
Organic waste decomposes in special composters, with the help of microorganisms invisible to the human eye but also thanks to insects and earthworms. The composting it is a process that can be contained or accelerated to better manage the recycling of organic waste. Who has a garden can manage one composter without problems: the larger the pile, the easier it will be to manage! On the contrary, thehome composting needs more attention not to fall into the classicsproblemssuch as formation of liquids, excessive development of larvae, generation of bad smells ... moreover, the composter, if not taken care of, can become the meeting place for cockroaches and mice!
To resolve the problems related to home composting 5 fundamental factors must be taken care of such as:
- Pay attention to the speed of the process and, if necessary, add microorganisms to accelerate the decomposition process.
- Pay attention to the amount of wet and solid organic waste placed in the household composter.
- Pay attention to the relationship betweenCarbon and Nitrogen.
- Aeration, that's why it's important to turn the heap!
They are microorganisms responsible for the transformation of organic waste into fertile soil. If necessary, it will be necessary to add a composting activator to improve and speed up the composting process, eliminate the problem of stench and avoid the formation of sewage.
Among the various products on the market I point out the BSI Top Compost, it is a very useful professional activator. It is offered on Amazon at a price of 13 euros with free shipping and, even if it is not specified in the product description, I tell you from experience (I usually buy it) that it is two packs of 800 grams plus 25% free, so are 2 kg of activators.
These are not artificial chemicals but microorganisms ready to decompose your organic waste and neutralize bad smells. They are, of course, 100% biodegradable. The package includes a measuring cup that will come in handy to add it to your composter.
All the instructions to manage the composter well are available in the guides:
- How to compost home
- Home composting on the terrace
- How home compost is made
- What to put in the home compost
- Manage your home composter well