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To provide plants with the nutrients they need and to improve the structure and characteristics of the soil, the soil must be fertilized. Thanks to the composting technique, a natural fertilizer 100%, equally effective in transferring the nutrients and bio elements it needs to the soil. In this way we will reduce the amount of waste to be disposed of and at the same time we will exploit organic waste materials such as branches, leaves, grass, fruit and vegetable peels and other food scraps: once decomposed in a few months they will turn into fertile humus. for our crops. But let's see in detail how to make a DIY natural fertilizer, following our instructions.
Do-it-yourself natural fertilizer, directions
- Get a container: alternatively you can create a hole in the garden, but doing so will take longer. For example, you can use a composer or even bins and boxes with lids. However, make sure that the bottom is open as it will have to be in contact with the ground, to allow the passage of earthworms.
- Make sure that the material stored for composting is shredded first
- Another important thing is the passage of oxygen in our compost: in this regard you will have to place roughly chopped branches on the bottom of the container.
- From time to time you will have to move the mass of debris with a fork to prevent them from compacting.
- To avoid the formation of bad smells and an excessive rise in temperature, place the bin in the shade.
- Ensure the right degree of humidity: it will be sufficient to periodically wet the compost or ensure a good percentage of moist material such as grass or fruit peels.
- Mix together several different types of waste: it serves to promote good decomposition and to obtain a balanced fertilizer as regards the ratio between carbon and nitrogen
- To ensure a good percentage of carbon, use materials such as wood, paper and straw. Nitrogen, on the other hand, is contained, for example, in kitchen waste. More generally, green waste such as grass and leaves contain nitrogen, while brown ones such as wood contain carbon.
- To chop larger materials you can use an electric shredder.
Our humus will be ready after about 6-9 months: you can take it and apply it to the crops after sieving it.