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Therepermaculture it's amethod planning for environmentally sustainable human settlements, based on the centrality of agriculture in respect of the territory. In the ideal of permaculture, a human settlement may be able to self-produce its assets by exploiting the agricultural resources of its territory and in full respect of the environment.
Permaculture, meaningof the term
Permaculture: permanent agriculture
Permaculture (in the broadest sense): permanent agricultural culture
Permaculture is an integrated design process that results in a sustainable, balanced and aesthetic environment. The whole permaculture is rooted in the concept that by applying the right strategies it is possible to restore the balance of those systems that are the basis of life.
In practical terms thepermaculturecan be applied to ahome garden, to the terrace of the house, to the garden as well as to isolated dwellings, rural villages and urban settlements.
The buildings in permaculture
The "building structures" in permaculture they are made according to the surrounding vegetation. Generally speaking, it can be said that houses and buildings, in the ideal, should be able to boast all the principles of bioclimatic architecture: energy efficiency, thermal insulation, green roof, solar energy ... to the point of following the passive house model, also this the whole system - self-sufficient. Typical construction materials in contexts of permaculture they are: straw, raw earth, wood ... in many cases materials already present in the area are used.
Permaculture in Italy In Italy, there has been talk ofpermacultureonly in 2000 but to date there are several examples of excellence. The Ragas farm, in the province of Bologna, following the principles of permaculturehas divided the company territory into 9 zones:
Zone 1: residence, laboratory for the preparation of products
Zone 2: nursery, wood collection area, home garden
Zone 3: cultivation of medicinal plants and herbs
Zone 4: arable area with cereals and pallets of vegetables to be used as preserves
Zone 5: integrated forage area of geese, chickens, fruit trees, flowers and cereals
Zone 6: relaxation area within a channeling path for the water to the river
Zone 7: basin for fish farming
Zone 8: extended area for the cultivation of different minor fruits
Zone 9: area for the winter vegetable garden and other orchard