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The survival of the huts it is a subject to be faced with seriousness. Unless you want to leave the mountain and mid-mountain environment to tourist activities only. The latter are fine, mind you, but the alpine environment needs life and work to live.
When I look at the photographs of an area of the pre-Alps that I know well dating back to the first half of the last century, the first thing I notice are the large areas without trees. Not that there was a desert, but there were far fewer trees than today. Wild culls? No, huts and life.
In those years the mountain was a source of food and income and the animal husbandry alpine it was very widespread. Breeders and Alpine farmers lived in the high-altitude areas and used them. The mountain pastures they were work and the hut, understood as the set of 'mounting' activities, was an important economic factor. Alpine forests, inexhaustible sources of renewable materials such as wood, were flourishing and healthy. Not abandoned and often battered as they appear in many places today.
The abandonment of huts it was the result of a series of 'voluntary' social changes, of course, but there are also problems. Endless bureaucracy and health rules, conflict with other land uses, competition with other economic activities, urbanization and consequent territorial fragmentation.
Not to mention the sometimes perverse dynamics of the markets, the loss of roads and routes at high altitude, the lack of alpine structures capable of guaranteeing operators adequate levels of quality of life. Everything seems to want to complicate the way for those who today would like to rediscover the alpine huts and animal husbandry, and they are not few.
In the direction of rediscovering the mountain by defending the hut is the publication of the Mountain hut hiking guide in the Adamello area curated by the Man and Territory Pro Natura Association, an environmental association very active in the defense and enhancement of the territory.
The approach of this association follows the Landscape Scale Conservation model, that is to say conservation applied to a landscape scale. Targeted territorial programs in which they are inserted, in addition to the project concerning the huts, also other important programs aimed at the enhancement of the mountains and also the protection of alpine biodiversity.