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One against zero, we have learned, it means that shops with more than 400 square meters of surface area dedicated to electronic equipment have the obligation to collect small WEEE electrical and electronic equipment waste free of charge, up to 25 centimeters, including exhausted batteries. Even when the customer does not buy anything, that is with a view to pure service.
Well, nice, but for the electronics chains (the limit of 400 square meters of surface calls into question them) it means taking on extra costs, especially if the actual disposal of WEEE (which consortia like Ecolight, Remedia and others) must be added the cost of personnel who collect used items and the part of the warehouse dedicated to this purpose. With the risk that the cost is passed on to customers.
To do one against zero with WEEE we would need bins that do everything themselves, smart bins, 'smart' bins.
Said and done: after the first WEEEshop containers that are being tested in Emilia Romagna, the Ecolight consortium has positioned in collaboration with Hera another ten even smarter bins, the RAEEshop Evolution. These are even smaller containers, 3x1x1.57 meters, which do not require the presence of any operator. They are located outside major shopping centers in: Bologna, Casalecchio, Ferrara, Ravenna, Modena Campogalliano, Forlì and Savignano
To do one against zero for the consumer it is very simple: he identifies himself with the health card and, after indicating the type of product to be disposed of, the bin opens a door to put the waste. These new bins have been designed to collect mobile phones and small appliances in addition to energy-saving light bulbs (the R4 and R5 groupings) and portable batteries. The tracking of the waste collected goes from the moment of collection to treatment and recovery.
Smart bins perform a dual service. The first to the sellers who in this way relieve themselves of the costs due to the entry into force of the rule one against zero. The second to consumers, who in this way know where to deliver the used devices. A third service is provided by smart bins to the environment and the community, decreasing the likelihood that someone will be tempted to discard used items by throwing them in a lawn or in illegal landfills that feed illicit WEEE traffic.